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Michael William "Mike" Krzyzewski (Template:Pron-en Template:Respell; Template:Lang-pl Template:IPA-pol; born February 13, 1947) is the men's college basketball coach of the Duke Blue Devils. He is also the coach of the United States men's national basketball team, whom he led to a gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2010 FIBA World Championship.

Nicknamed "Coach K", Krzyzewski has led the Blue Devils to 4 NCAA Championships, 11 Final Fours (tied for second most in history), 12 ACC regular season titles, and 12 ACC championships over 30 seasons at Duke. Krzyzewski has amassed an NCAA-record 77 NCAA tournament victories, while averaging more than 25 wins per season.[1] On March 1, 2008, Krzyzewski became the sixth men's basketball coach in NCAA history to reach the 800-win plateau.[1] He was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame following the 2001 season.

Early yearsEdit

Krzyzewski was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Polish American parents Emily M. (née Pituch) and William Krzyzewski.[2][3] He has roots in the Pittsburgh area, as his maternal grandparents emigrated from Poland to Keisterville, Pennsylvania. Up until he was 20 or 34, he visited there every summer; Krzyzewski had stated that he suspects the purpose of such trips was to "teach you to know where you came from and to be proud of it."[4]

Krzyzewski attended (Archbishop) Weber High School in Chicago. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1969, and played basketball under Bob Knight while training to become an officer in the Army. In 2005 he was presented West Point's Distinguished Graduate Award.[5] He was captain of the Army basketball team in his senior season, 1968–69, leading his team to the National Invitation Tournament (NIT) at Madison Square Garden in New York City. From 1969 to 1974, Krzyzewski served in the Army and directed service teams for three years, and then followed that up with two years as head coach of the U.S. Military Academy Prep School at Fort Belvoir, Virginia.

Tenure at DukeEdit

On March 18, 1980, Krzyzewski was named the head coach at Duke University after five seasons at Army.[6] After a few rebuilding seasons, he and the Blue Devils became a fixture on the national basketball scene with 26 NCAA Tournament berths in the past 27 years and 15 consecutive from 1996–2010, which is the second-longest current streak of tournament appearances. Overall, he has taken his program to postseason play in 27 of his 30 years at Duke and is the most winning active coach in men's NCAA Tournament play with a 77–22 record for a .778 winning percentage. His Duke teams have won 12 ACC Championships, been to 11 Final Fours, and won four NCAA tournament National Championships. On February 13, 2010, Krzyzewski coached in his 1000th game as the Duke head coach. On November 23, 2010, Krzyzewski won his 800th game at Duke, becoming only the fifth head coach with at least 800 wins at one school.

Coaching awards/recognitionEdit

  • 1986, Basketball Times, CBS/Chevrolet, UPI National COY awards
  • 1989, Naismith National COY
  • 1991 United States Sports Academy awarded Kryzewski the Amos Alonzo Stagg Coaching Award.[7]
  • 2001, Victor Award *1984, ACC COY
  • 1986, ACC COY
  • 1997, ACC COY
  • 1999, ACC COY
  • 2000, ACC COY
  • 2010, Chris Phillips Award
  • 2001, Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame.
  • 2001, Time magazine and CNN named Krzyzewski "America's Best Coach"; the award was not limited to any particular sport.
  • 2008 United States Sports Academy awarded Kryzewski the Amos Alonzo Stagg Coaching Award.[7]
  • 2011, 889 career wins (2nd all time in the NCAA)

Krzyzewski has totalled 889 career victories (as of February 5, 2011), making him the most winning active coach and the second most winning all time coach in the Men's NCAA Division I ranks. Other coaches with 800 or more wins include Bob Knight, Dean Smith, Adolph Rupp, Jim Boeheim, and Eddie Sutton. His Duke Basketball team won more games (291) in a decade, beginning in the year 2000, than any other team in any one decade in men's NCAA Basketball history.

During his long tenure at Duke, Krzyzewski has been given the opportunity to coach in the NBA four times. The first time came after the 1990 season when he led the Blue Devils to their third straight Final Four appearance. The Boston Celtics offered a coaching position to Krzyzewski, but he soon declined their offer. The next season, Krzyzewski proceeded to lead the Blue Devils to the first of two straight national championships. In 1994, he was pursued by the Portland Trail Blazers, but again he chose to stay with Duke. In 2004, Krzyzewski was also interviewed by the Los Angeles Lakers following the departure of high-profile coach Phil Jackson. He was given a formal offer from Lakers general manager Mitch Kupchak, reportedly for five years, $40 million and part ownership, but again turned down the NBA. In 2010, the New Jersey Nets were reportedly willing to pay Krzyzewski between $12 million and $15 million per season to coach the Nets. Krzyzewski again declined the offer and stayed at Duke.[8]

Duke has named the floor at its basketball venue, Cameron Indoor Stadium, "Coach "K" Court" in his honor. Similarly, the grassy area outside of Cameron has been named Krzyzewskiville or "K-Ville." On February 28, 2007, Duke named its new basketball practice facility the "Michael W. Krzyzewski Center" — Dedicated to Academic & Athletic Excellence. The Template:Convert building was dedicated on February 8, 2008, and also houses the Academic Support Center for all of Duke's 600 student-athletes and an expanded Sports Hall of Fame and event center.

On Feb. 4, 2008, upon hearing the news that his college head coach and the sport's all-time most winning coach, Bob Knight, announced his retirement from the game, Krzyzewski said, "Outside of my immediate family, no single person has had a greater impact on my life than Coach Knight. I have the ultimate respect for him as a coach and a mentor, but even more so as a dear friend. For more than 40 years, the life lessons I have learned from Coach are immeasurable. Simply put, I love him."

His alma mater inducted him into its sports hall of fame on 11 September 2009, the night before the Army vs. Duke football game.[9] Additionally, West Point annually awards the "Coach K Teaching Character Through Sports" award each spring to cadets and coaches who display superior ethics and character through sport.[10]

International careerEdit

Krzyzewski has been the head coach of several USA men's national teams, winning a silver medal at the 1987 World University Games, a bronze medal at the 1990 FIBA World Championship, a silver medal at the 1990 Goodwill Games, a bronze medal at the 2006 FIBA World Championship, and gold medals at the 2007 FIBA Americas Championship, the 2010 FIBA World Championship, and 2008 Summer Olympics.

He was also an assistant coach to the USA teams which won gold medals at the 1984 and 1992 Olympics as well as the 1979 Pan American Games Team and 1992 Tournament of the Americas.

In 2005, he was appointed coach of the national team through the Beijing Olympics. In the 2006 FIBA World Championship, the USA won the bronze medal after losing in the semifinals to Greece and then beating defending Olympic gold medalist Argentina for third place.

On August 24, 2008, Krzyzewski's U.S. team won the gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. "The Redeem Team" finished the tournament with a perfect 8–0 record.

Despite initially only being appointed for four years, Krzyzewski agreed to lead the U.S. through another Olympic cycle. He coached the U.S. team for the 2010 FIBA World Championship and led Team USA to a perfect 8-0 record, defeating host Turkey in the gold medal game, 81-64.

Krzyzewski has amassed a total record of 35-1 (.972) as head coach of the USA National Team through the 2010 FIBA World Championship. The team has captured three golds (FIBA Americas Championship 2007, 2008 Summer Olympics, and the 2010 FIBA World Championship) and one bronze (2006 FIBA World Championship). His teams have yet to lose in pool play.

Coaching treeEdit

File:Duke2001PresidentBush.jpg

Many of Krzyzewski's assistants or players have moved on to become head coaches at other schools:

Three former players (Steve Wojciechowski, Chris Collins and Nate James) currently work under him as assistants at Duke. Another former player, Chris Carrawell, has been on staff since the 2007-08 season.

No team coached by one of Krzyzewski's former players has beaten the Blue Devils. However, during the 2007 NCAA tournament (1st round) the Blue Devils fell to Virginia Commonwealth University, whose core players had been recruited by former VCU coach Jeff Capel before he left for the head coaching position at Oklahoma.

Krzyzewski has also coached NBA general managers: Danny Ferry, formerly of the Cleveland Cavaliers, and Billy King, of the New Jersey Nets.

Former player and captain Chip Engelland has served as assistant coach and shooting specialist to the San Antonio Spurs since 2005.[11]

Notable players coachedEdit

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Head coaching recordEdit

Season Team Overall Conference Standing Postseason
United States Military Academy (Independent) (1975–1980)
1975–76 Army 11–14
1976–77 Army 20–8
1977–78 Army 19–9 NIT First Round
1978–79 Army 14–11
1979–80 Army 9–17
Army: 73–59 (.553) N/A
Duke University (Atlantic Coast Conference) (1980–present)
1980–81 Duke 17–13 6–8 T–5th NIT Quarterfinals
1981–82 Duke 10–17 4–10 T–6th
1982–83 Duke 11–17 3–11 7th
1983–84 Duke 24–10 7–7 T–3rd NCAA 2nd Round
1984–85 Duke 23–8 8–6 T–4th NCAA 2nd Round
1985–86 Duke 37–3 12–2 1st NCAA Runner-up
1986–87 Duke 24–9 9–5 3rd NCAA Sweet Sixteen
1987–88 Duke 28–7 9–5 3rd NCAA Final Four
1988–89 Duke 28–8 9–5 T–2nd NCAA Final Four
1989–90 Duke 29–9 9–5 2nd NCAA Runner-up
1990–91 Duke 32–7 11–3 1st NCAA Champions
1991–92 Duke 34–2 14–2 1st NCAA Champions
1992–93 Duke 24–8 10–6 T–3rd NCAA 2nd Round
1993–94 Duke 28–6 12–4 1st NCAA Runner-up
1994–95* Duke 9–3 0–1
1995–96 Duke 18–13 8–8 T–4th NCAA 1st Round
1996–97 Duke 24–9 12–4 1st NCAA 2nd Round
1997–98 Duke 32–4 15–1 1st NCAA Elite Eight
1998–99 Duke 37–2 16–0 1st NCAA Runner-up
1999–00 Duke 29–5 15–1 1st NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2000–01 Duke 35–4 13–3 T–1st NCAA Champions
2001–02 Duke 31–4 13–3 2nd NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2002–03 Duke 26–7 11–5 T–2nd NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2003–04 Duke 31–6 13–3 1st NCAA Final Four
2004–05 Duke 27–6 11–5 3rd NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2005–06 Duke 32–4 14–2 1st NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2006–07 Duke 22–11 8–8 6th NCAA 1st Round
2007–08 Duke 28–6 13–3 2nd NCAA 2nd Round
2008–09 Duke 30–7 11–5 T–2nd NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2009–10 Duke 35–5 13–3 T–1st NCAA Champions
2010–11 Duke 21–2 8–1
Duke: 816–222 (Template:Winning percentage) 317–135 (Template:Winning percentage)
Total: 889–281 (Template:Winning percentage)
  Template:CBB Yearly Record End/legend

[12]
* Coached only the first 12 games this season before leaving the team for back surgery and exhaustion.

ReferencesEdit

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